|学部・研究科Faculty/Graduate school||GISDepartment of Global and Interdisciplinary Studies|
|旧授業コードPrevious Class code|
|旧科目名Previous Class title|
|キャンパスCampus||市ヶ谷 / Ichigaya|
|他学部公開（履修条件等）Open Program (Notes)|
|グローバル・オープン科目Global Open Program|
|成績優秀者の他学部科目履修制度対象Interdepartmental class taking system for Academic Achievers|
|成績優秀者の他学部科目履修（履修条件等）Interdepartmental class taking system for Academic Achievers (Notes)|
|実務経験のある教員による授業科目Class taught by instructors with practical experience|
|アーバンデザインCPUrban Design CP|
|未来教室CPLearning for the Future CP|
|旧科目との重複履修Duplicate Subjects Taken Under Previous Class Title|
|カテゴリー（2020年度以降入学者）Category (commenced 2020 onwards)||200-level Intermediate Courses（中級）|
|カテゴリー（2016～2019年度入学者）Category (commenced 2016-2019)||200-level Intermediate Courses
Linguistics and Language Acquisition
【授業の概要と目的（何を学ぶか） / Outline and objectives】
The ratio of L1 to L2 users of English in the world is roughly estimated to be 1 to 3. However, it was only towards the turn of the century that sociolinguists/applied linguists took a keen interest in the expanding use of English as a lingua franca (ELF), which is due to the globalisation in all aspects of society, including mass media and pop culture. Arguably, some Expanding Circle countries, where English does not have an official language status, have recently overshadowed the Outer Circle ones in proficiency and frequency of use.
The former part of the course observes how extensively English is used in international contexts, mainly among non-native speakers, while analysing samples of L2-accented speech. It also refers to the limitations in the traditional models of World Englishes put forward by B. Kachru and other scholars. The latter half discusses native-speakerness, bilingualism and native-speakerism, all of which exert a significant influence on pedagogical practices, and suggests how these notions could/should be modified from the perspective of ELF. The course is concluded with an analysis of status and function of English in present-day Japan.
【到達目標 / Goal】
By the end of the course, students will:
(1) understand key terminology and concepts in ELF and World Englishes,
(2) have an awareness of the wider use of English in non-native speaking contexts, and
(3) become familiar with interpreting quantitative/qualitative data for linguistic research.
【この授業を履修することで学部等のディプロマポリシーに示されたどの能力を習得することができるか（該当授業科目と学位授与方針に明示された学習成果との関連） / Which item of the diploma policy will be obtained by taking this class?】
Will be able to gain “DP 1”, “DP 2”, “DP 3”, and “DP 4”.
【授業で使用する言語 / Default language used in class】
英語 / English
【授業の進め方と方法 / Method(s)】
（学期の途中で変更になる場合には、別途提示します。 /If the Method(s) is changed, we will announce the details of any changes. ）
This course is a combination of lectures and class discussions. Based on a flipped learning model, students have to read chapter handouts and answer assigned questions prior to attending each lecture. Submitted assignments and tests are reviewed in detail and commented on in the following week’s lecture.
【アクティブラーニング（グループディスカッション、ディベート等）の実施 / Active learning in class (Group discussion, Debate.etc.)】
あり / Yes
【フィールドワーク（学外での実習等）の実施 / Fieldwork in class】
なし / No
【授業計画 / Schedule】
授業形態 / methods of teaching：対面/face to face
|回 / No.||各回の授業形態予定 / methods of teaching||テーマ / Theme||内容 / Contents|
World Englishes (Part 1)
|(1) Outlining the course contents and instructional methodologies
(2) The three-circle model of World Englishes
|2||対面/face to face||World Englishes (Part 2)||(1) The diasporas of English
(2) Development of postcolonial Englishes
|3||対面/face to face||Limitations of the Three-circle Model||(1) The limitations of Kachru’s (1985) model
(2) Other models of World Englishes
|4||対面/face to face||Introduction to ELF||(1) What is a lingua franca?
(2) English as a lingua franca (ELF)
(3) ELF users
|5||対面/face to face||English in International Contexts (Part 1)||(1) English in Europe
(2) English in international organisations
(3) English in business
(4) English media for L2 English speaking viewers
|6||対面/face to face||English in International Contexts (Part 2)||(1) English in aviation
(2) English in pop culture
|7||対面/face to face||Mid-semester Exam
Phonetic Features of L2 English (Part 1)
|(1) Mid-semester examination
(2) German-accented English
(3) Spanish-accented English
|8||対面/face to face||Phonetic Features of L2 English (Part 2)
Core Features of ELF (Part 1)
|(1) Chinese-accented English
(2) Japanese-accented English
(3) Lingua Franca Core
|9||対面/face to face||Core Features of ELF (Part 2)
Native Speakerness and Critical Period Hypothesis (Part 1)
|(1) Common grammatical features of ELF
(3) The characteristics of the native speaker
(4) NS/NNS dichotomy
|10||対面/face to face||Native Speakerness and Critical Period Hypothesis (Part 2)||(1) The critical period hypothesis
(2) The sensitive period hypothesis
(3) L1 English speakers’ perception of L2 English
(4) Passing for native speakers
(5) L1 English speakers perceived as non-native
|11||対面/face to face||Bilingualism||(1) What is bilingualism?
(2) Types of bilinguals
(3) Attitudes towards bilinguals
|12||対面/face to face||Native Speakerism and Pedagogical Issues||(1) Dominance of native speakers in ELT
(2) Disadvantages of native speakerism
(3) ELF models
(4) ELF users’ accommodation to the ENL norm
|13||対面/face to face||ELF in Japan||(1) History of English as an international language in Japan
(2) The Suggested Course of Study in English
(3) Assistant Language Teachers
(4) English in public transport
(5) Language choice on university websites
|14||対面/face to face||Summary and Final Exam||(1) Review
(2) Final examination
【授業時間外の学習（準備学習・復習・宿題等） / Work to be done outside of class (preparation, etc.)】
Students are required to read the handouts beforehand so that they can actively participate in discussions. They may also need to consult chapter references or search for relevant online resources. Preparatory study and review time for this course are 2 hours each.
【テキスト（教科書） / Textbooks】
No textbooks are used. All handouts are posted on the course website, while additional materials will be provided in the classroom.
【参考書 / References】
Detailed references and suggestions for further reading are listed on each chapter handout. The following books will be helpful as a general introduction.
Galloway, N., & Rose, H. (2015). Introducing global Englishes. Routledge.
Jenkins, J. (2015). Global Englishes: A resource book for students (3rd ed.). Routledge.
【成績評価の方法と基準 / Grading criteria】
Evaluation will be based on in-class quizzes and take-home tasks (20%), a mid-semester exam (40%) and a final exam (40%). Attendance at the first class is mandatory. More than two unexcused absences will result in failure of the course.
【学生の意見等からの気づき / Changes following student comments】
Students have been positive about the contents and method of instruction. Hyperlinked video clips are updated every year.
【学生が準備すべき機器他 / Equipment student needs to prepare】
The lectures are delivered using PowerPoint slides and Internet resources. The handouts are downloadable in PDF format.
【その他の重要事項 / Others】
It is highly recommended that students have completed 100-level linguistics courses with a good understanding. This course is cross-listed with the Global Open Program. Non-GIS students may join if they demonstrate solid background in linguistics and meet the minimum English proficiency requirement: TOEFL iBT 80 or IELTS 6.0.
No prerequisite is required.